Bleakman D. Bowman D. Bath CP. Brust PF. Johnson EC. Deal CR. Miller RJ. Ellis SB. Harpold MM. Hans M. et al.  Characteristics of a human N-type calcium channel expressed in HEK293 cells.  Neuropharmacology. 34(7):753-65, 1995.
The human alpha 1B-1 alpha 2b beta 1-2 Ca2+ channel was stably expressed in HEK293 cells producing a human brain N-type voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC). Whole cell voltage-clamp electrophysiology and fura-2 based microfluorimetry have been used to study its characteristics. Calcium currents (ICa) recorded in transfected HEK293 cells were activated at potentials more depolarized than -20 mV with peak currents occurring at approx + 10 mV in 5 mM extracellular CaCl2. ICa and associated rises in intracellular free calcium concentrations ([Ca2+]i) were sensitive to changes in both the [Ca2+]o and holding potential. Steady-state inactivation was half maximal at a holding potential of -60 mV. Ba2+ was a more effective charge carrier than Ca2+ through the alpha 1B-1 alpha 2b beta 1-2 Ca2+ channel and combinations of both Ba2+ and Ca2+ as charge carriers resulted in the anomalous mole fraction effect. Ca2+ influx into transfected HEK293 cells was irreversibly inhibited by omega-conotoxin-GVIA (omega-CgTx-GVIA; 10 nM-1 microM) and omega-conotoxin-MVIIA; 100 nM-1 microM) whereas 1 microM) whereas no reductions were seen with agents which block P or L-type Ca2+ channels. The inorganic ions, gadolinium (Gd3+), cadmium (Cd2+) and nickel (Ni2+) reduced the ICa under voltage-clamp conditions in a concentration-dependent manner. The order of potency of the three ions was Gd3+ > Cd2+ > Ni2+. These experiments suggest that the cloned and expressed alpha 1B-1 alpha 2b beta 1-2 Ca2+ channel subunits form channels in HEK293 cells that exhibit properties consistent with the activity of the native-N-type VDCC previously described in neurons.
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